International Commission for the Taxonomy of Fungi (ICTF)
International Union of Microbiological Societies (IUMS, Mycology Division)
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ISTH Materials

Posted on 2011-08-01, sourse: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1389624/?tool=pubmed

Species concepts and biodiversity in Trichoderma and Hypocrea: from aggregate species to species clusters?

J Zhejiang Univ Sci B. 2005 Feb;6(2):100-12.

Species concepts and biodiversity in Trichoderma and Hypocrea: from aggregate species to species clusters?

Druzhinina I, Kubicek CP.

Source

Institute of Chemical Engineering, Research Area Gene Technology and Applied Biochemistry, Getreidemarkt 9/E1665, A-1060 Vienna, Austria.

Abstract

Trichoderma/Hypocrea is a genus of soil-borne or wood-decaying fungi containing members important to mankind as producers of industrial enzymes and biocontrol agents against plant pathogens, but also as opportunistic pathogens of immunocompromised humans. Species identification, while essential in view of the controversial properties of taxa of this genus, has been problematic by traditional methods. Here we will present a critical survey of the various identification methods in use. In addition, we will present an update on the taxonomy and phylogeny of the 88 taxa (which occur as 14 holomorphs, 49 teleomorphs and 25 anamorphs in nature) of Trichoderma/Hypocrea that have been confirmed by a combination of morphological, physiological and genetic approaches.

Copyright: Irina Druzhinina & Alexey Kopchinskiy 2004 - 2008